What is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the nasal sinuses-the hollow cavities between the check bones and behind the eyes. There are two types of sinusitis, acute and chronic. Acute sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection or allergies. Also, complication from a common cold can also develop into acute sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis is a recurrent inflammatory disorder or chronic infection occurring 3 or more times a year and is caused by a bacterial infection.

Who develops sinusitis?

Sinusitis is one of the most common healthcare complaints. People of all ages can develop sinusitis, even children. Symptoms of a cold should clear up in 5-7 days. So, if your child’s “cold” symptoms last longer, it could be sinusitis.

Difference between sinusitis, a cold or allergies?

Sinusitis Cold Allergies
Symptoms Congestion
Green discharge
Post nasal drip
Facial pressure
Headache
Cough
Teeth pain
Runny nose with watery yellow discharge
Low grade fever
Sneezing
Fatigue or weakness
Congestion
Sneezing
Wheezing
Itchy nose/eyes/throat
Runny nose with thin watery discharge
Onset Complication due to a cold
Can be triggered by allergies
Symptoms develop within one to three days of exposure to the cold Symptoms begin immediately after exposure to the allergen
Seasonal allergy symptoms occur same time every year
Perennial allergy symptoms are year round
Duration Can last weeks, months or years if ignored Five to seven days Symptoms last as long as you are exposed to allergens

Is there a relationship between sinusitis and other allergic disorders?

Allergies can trigger inflammation of the sinuses and the nasal mucous lining. This inflammation prevents the sinus cavity from cleaning out bacteria and increases the chances of developing a secondary sinusitis infection. Sinusitis can also trigger asthma. Research has shown that 75% of severe asthmatics also suffer from sinusitis.